Bursitis is a very painful inflammation of the joints. Almost everyone has some degree of joint pain in life. It can start suddenly in a mild form and eventually get worse over time. Bursitis happens when a bursa in a joint becomes inflamed.
The bursa is a small, fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between bones and other moving parts, such as muscles, tendons, or skin. You have about 150 of these in your body. They keep joints such as your shoulders, knees, and elbows working smoothly. However, they can be hurt by sudden or repetitive forces.
Oftentimes, this joint inflammation can flair up because of another injury. For example, when an injury, such a foot injury, can cause the joint to move differently. This can change the way the muscles and tendons pull on the bones and irritate the bursa.
Bursitis can also be caused by putting pressure on a joint for too long, such as kneeling or leaning on your elbows. In addition, activities that require repetitive motions can place stress on your joints. These include carpentry, gardening, or playing a musical instrument. Also, sometimes a bursa can become inflamed due to an infection.
Diagnosis And Treatments
Lab tests and imaging often can help pinpoint the source of the pain. Your doctor will likely do a physical exam and ask questions about your activities and recent injuries.
Treatments for mild cases include rest, over-the-counter drugs that suppress inflammation, and gentle stretching and strengthening exercises.
Physical therapy can help if bursitis has reduced your ability to move your joint or if it results in muscle weakness. If the cause is an infection, you will be put on antibiotics.
Prevention, of course, is always the best therapy. Bursitis and other causes of joint pain can be prevented by paying attention to how you move and perform daily activities.
Finally, Bursitis is more likely to occur the older you get. To avoid this occurrence, try as you age, to stay as active as possible. The best way is to be proactive and do exercises that keep you flexible and strong.