Many fat people, even though they have health issues, still claim that they are physically fit. They point to a MARS 2019 Doublebase Study on consumer health, which shows that a few pounds overweight can combine with healthy lab test results. But is this actually medically and scientifically true?
It’s important to know because right now in the UNited States, 7 out of 10 adults over age 50 are overweight or obese.
Let’s take a look. The fact is that many research studies show being fat and obese brings on many bad metabolic conditions. These include such high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, cancers, gout, gallstones, gall bladder disease, sleep apnea and osteoarthritis.
And as you age and become a senior citizen, extra fat can really jeopardize your health.
Fat People: How Fat Is Fat?
The first question that needs to be answered is — how fat is fat? A few pounds, like less than 5, or is it a higher number?
Physicians define fat and obesity through a measurement called the Body Mass Index (BMI).
Your BMI is an estimate of your body fat that is based on dividing your height by your weight. Doctors use BMI, along with other health indicators, to determine your health status and potential health risks. Here are the calculations:
Underweight: BMI is less than 18.5
Normal weight: BMI is 18.5 to 24.9
Overweight: BMI is 25 to 29.9
Obese: BMI is 30 or more
Susan Besser, a family medicine practitioner in Baltimore, says the numbers count. “In my own patients, if their BMI is 28 — you could lose a couple pounds, that’d be nice. But I’m not going to push it,” she says. “If their BMI is 50 and they tell me, ‘But doc, I feel great.’ Eh no, there’s no way that someone who’s carrying around that much weight can possibly really feel great.”
Fat People: Fat Zones, Some Areas More Dangerous Than Others
The location of your fat, your fat zones determine your degree of danger. Fat in the torso area, where your organs are, is more danger than fat on the extremities. Belly fat, also referred to as visceral fat, are at higher risk for diabetes, fatty liver disease, high cholesterol, and sleep apnea.
Visceral fat is harmful because it’s located near the portal vein, which carries blood from the intestinal area to the liver. And, belly fat contributes to insulin resistance, which can lead to diabetes.
Fat People: Health Tips
People aged 50 and older should build up muscle, as just dieting will decrease muscle mass and bone density. For seniors, low bone density can lead to bone fractures if they suffer a fall. Lifting weights is a great way to build muscle mass, burn calories and lose weight.
Keep in mind, that diets alone don’t work. And, older people, more so than other age groups, have a tendency to put the weight back quickly, once they stop dieting.
To maintain muscle, eat about 15 grams of protein at each meal. also eat your meals during daylight hours, as your body burns calories more efficiently during those times.
Exercise for three hours a week and make sure that some of that time is in the form of strength training. You can space the strength training over two to three days. Keep in mind that as you age, your body naturally gains fat mass. Convert that to muscle mass with the strength training.